(Updates with new details)
Oct 1 (Reuters) - European oil majors resisted pressure from
the United States to abandon all Iranian activities, saying they
would continue buying Iranian crude and exit the country only
upon expiry of existing contracts.
U.S. officials had said on Thursday that four major European
oil companies would abandon their Iranian activities voluntarily
to avoid American sanctions designed to pressure Iran over its
Iran's day-to-day business is affected by tighter
international, U.S. and European Union sanctions imposed in
response to Western fears the country's nuclear activities are
aimed at making a bomb. Tehran says it has no such intention.
Following are key facts on some firms that have been moving
away from Iran and on others still dealing with the country:
MOVING AWAY FROM IRAN
* France's Total said on Friday it was still buying Iranian
crude and Royal Dutch Shell said it was not illegal to lift
Iranian crude under the latest United Nations sanctions.
-- Norway's Statoil said it was providing Tehran with
technical assistance while Italy's ENI said it would exit Iran
only when existing deals expire.
-- U.S. Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg had said
on Thursday Total, Statoil, ENI and Royal Dutch Shell would
suspend all dealings with Iran voluntarily to avoid American
sanctions designed to pressure Iran over its nuclear programme.
* ThyssenKrupp, Germany's biggest steelmaker, said on Sept.
23 it would not enter into new contracts with Iran and would
terminate existing contracts in support of sanctions policies of
Germany, the E.U. and the U.S.
-- Turkish refiner Tupras told the U.S. State Department in
August that it had cancelled contracts to supply Iran with
gasoline and data showed in September there were no deliveries
* BP confirmed in July it had stopped supplying jet fuel to
Iran Air at Germany's Hamburg airport.
-- BP declined to give a reason for ending the contract, but
the halt in supply followed reports Iranian aircraft had been
denied fuel because of the latest set of U.S. sanctions.
* Key shipping associations have created clauses in
contracts enabling ship owners to refuse to deliver refined
petroleum cargoes to Iran.
* Lloyd's of London said on July 9 it would not insure or
reinsure petroleum shipments into Iran.
* South Korea's GS Engineering & Construction cancelled a
$1.2 billion gas project in Iran on July 1 following the
imposition of U.S. sanctions.
* Spain's Repsol said on June 28 it had pulled out of a
contract it won with Royal Dutch Shell to develop part of South
Pars gas field in Iran.
* Malaysia's Petronas stopped supplying gasoline to Iran, a
company spokesman said on April 15.
* Luxury carmaker Daimler announced plans on April 14 to
sell its 30 percent stake in an Iranian engine maker and freeze
the planned export to Iran of cars and trucks. The announcement
followed similar action by German insurers Munich Re and Allianz
* India's largest private refiner, Reliance Industries,
would not renew a contract to import crude oil from Iran for
financial year 2010, two sources familiar with the supply deal
said on April 1.
* Oil trading firms Trafigura and Vitol stopped gasoline
sales to Iran, industry sources said on March 8.
* Ingersoll-Rand Plc, a maker of air compressors and cooling
systems for buildings and transport, said it will no longer
allow subsidiaries to sell parts or products to Tehran.
* Oilfield services company Smith International said on
March 1 it was actively pursuing the termination of all its
activities in Iran.
* Caterpillar, the world's largest manufacturer of
construction and mining equipment, said on March 1 it had
tightened its policy on not doing business with Iran to prevent
foreign subsidiaries from selling equipment to independent
dealers who resell it to Tehran.
* German engineering conglomerate Siemens said in January it
would not accept further orders from Iran.
* Glencore ceased supplying gasoline to Iran in November
2009, according to traders.
* Chemical manufacturer Huntsman Corp announced in January
its indirect foreign subsidiaries would stop selling products to
third parties in Iran.
* Accounting giants KPMG, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and Ernst
& Young declared themselves free of any business ties to Iran.
STILL DEALING WITH IRAN
* China is in talks with Iran to use the Chinese yuan to
settle transactions of oil and projects.
* Russia has been building Iran's first nuclear power
station near the Gulf port city of Bushehr. Iran began loading
fuel into the plant on Aug. 21.
* The U.S. Government Accountability Office reported in
April that 41 foreign companies were involved in Iran's oil,
natural gas and petrochemical sectors from 2005 to 2009. In a
report in May, the GAO said seven of those companies received
U.S. government contracts worth nearly $880 million. These were:
Daelim Industrial Company of South Korea; Eni; PTT Exploration
and Production of Thailand; Hyundai Heavy Industries of South
Korea; and GS Engineering and Construction of South Korea.
* Russia's Gazprom confirmed in March it was in talks with
Iran on developing the Azar oilfield and has also expressed
interest in Iran's giant South Pars field.
* Pakistan's Foreign Ministry said on June 10 that a $7.6
billion project for export of Iranian natural gas to Pakistan
would be unaffected by the imposition of new U.N. sanctions
(Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit;
additional reporting by Ross Colvin in Washington, Simon Webb in
Dubai and Ikuko Kurahone in London; editing by Andrew Dobbie)