2016 Tax Brackets

By Markets Fool.com

Thinking about your taxes before April of each year can often pay off, as you might employ some strategies throughout the year or at year-end that will shrink your tax bill. It's good to know what tax bracket you're in, too, as you plan.

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Image source: Getty Images.

Here, then, are the income tax bracketsfor 2016, which apply to income earned in the 2016 tax year that you'll prepare a return for in 2017.

Tax Rate

Single

Married Filing Jointly

Married Filing Separately

Head of Household

10%

$0 to $9,275

$0 to $18,550

$0 to $9,275

$0 to $13,250

15%

$9,276 to $37,650

$18,551 to $75,300

$9,276 to $37,650

$13,251 to $50,400

25%

$37,651 to $91,150

$75,301 to $151,900

$37,651 to $75,950

$50,401 to $130,150

28%

$91,151 to $190,150

$151,901 to $231,450

$75,951 to $115,725

$130,151 to $210,800

33%

$190,151 to $413,350

$231,451 to $413,350

$115,726 to $206,675

$210,801 to $413,350

35%

$413,351 to $415,050

$413,351 to $466,950

$206,676 to $233,475

$413,351 to $441,000

39.6%

$415,051 and above

$466,951 and above

$233,476 and above

$441,001 and above

Data source: IRS.gov.

How the tax schedule works

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If you're single and assuming that your taxable income of $75,000 will get a 25% haircut because the $75,000 amount falls in the 25% bracket, you're in for some good news. The right way to read the schedule is this: Your first $9,275 of income will be taxed at 10% ($927.50). Your income between $9,276 and $37,650 (that's $28,375) will be taxed at 15% ($4,256.25). Your income between $37,651 and $91,150 (that's $37,350) will be taxed at 25% ($9,337.50). Add up those three tax bites, and you'll arrive at your total tax due, $14,521.25.

Image source: Getty Images.

Marginal vs. effective

So notice that while your $75,000 income has you in the 25% tax bracket, it's not all taxed at a flat 25%. If it were, your tax bill would be $18,750. Instead, we have a progressive tax system, taxing our early dollars relatively little and, if we make it to higher income amounts, taxing our later dollars at higher rates.

Divide your actual tax amount, $14,521.25, by your $75,000 income, and you'll arrive at 19.4%. That's your effective tax rate, vs. your marginal rate of 25%. The marginal rate reflects what your next dollar of income would be taxed at, while the effective rate reflects the rate you pay on all your income.

That's what you can expect for 2016, income-tax wise. Stay tuned for further tax changes and updates, as they happen.

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