General Motors Co is on track to move ahead with its initial public offering during the week of November 15 after a recent round of meetings with sovereign wealth funds, sources with knowledge of preparation for the deal said.
The GM IPO has been closely watched both because of its expected scale and because of the involvement of the U.S. government, which is looking to the landmark stock offering to reduce its nearly 61% stake in the automaker.
Bankers representing GM met with sovereign wealth funds in Asia and the Middle East over the past two weeks to make the case that the automaker has emerged from its 2009 bankruptcy as a leaner and more nimble competitor, two of the sources said.
Singapore-based GIC and Temasek Holdings, Kuwait Investment Authority, Qatar Investment Authority and the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority were all approached as part of those meetings, one of the sources said.
At the same time, analysts from the 10 underwriter banks involved in the GM IPO began a series of meetings last week aimed at reaching a consensus on the market value the top U.S. automaker, two of the sources said.
After analysts come to consensus on that valuation, GM will offer investors a discount of 20% from that level in pricing shares for the IPO, three sources said.
That margin of discount is part of a standard practice in IPOs to reward investors for taking a risk on a new issue.
GM needs to have a market valuation of about $67 billion if U.S. taxpayers are to break even on the common stock the U.S. Treasury holds.
The U.S. Treasury is expected to be the major seller of common stock in the GM IPO and is prepared to take a loss on the initial sale of stock, sources have said.
The governments of Canada and Ontario will likely follow the lead of the U.S. government as sellers, two sources said. As part of the GM bailout, Canada offered the automaker funding and took a stake of 11.7% in return.
It remains unclear if a trust fund affiliated with the United Auto Workers union will sell part of its stake in the IPO. The union trust, which was established to pay for retiree healthcare costs, holds 17.5% of GM.
The UAW trust fund -- known as the union's VEBA -- has been weighing whether it would be better served by waiting to sell stock in GM at subsequent offerings that could come at a higher price, one person with knowledge of the deliberations said.
The GM IPO is expected to price on November 17 with the debut on November 18, three of the sources said.
People involved in the deal have said shares would likely price between $20 and $25 after a stock split by the automaker. On Wednesday, GM Chairman Ed Whitacre also said he thought that was a likely range for the IPO price.
"I can't say how much we'll sell, but I can say we'll have a successful IPO sometime in November," Whitacre said. "It's going to work, and it was absolutely the right thing to save this company."
GM executives, bankers in its underwriting syndicate and advisers have all declined to discuss the IPO in public because of the restrictions imposed by U.S. securities laws.
But there have been signs this week that the pace of preparations for the deal are quickening.
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and Ron Bloom, the official overseeing the U.S. investment in the auto industry, met GM Chief Executive Dan Akerson on Tuesday in New York to get an update on the automaker's business and IPO plans.
Also this week, GM told over 600,000 employees, retirees and dealers in letters sent from its Detroit headquarters that they had until October 22 to register to buy stock in the IPO.
At meetings with investors, bankers have emphasized GM's strong position in China, the slowing pace of losses at its Opel unit in Europe and its lowered break-even point in the U.S. market, two sources said.
GM Chief Financial Officer Chris Liddell, expected to be central to the upcoming roadshow for investors, said in May that the automaker was set up to break even with industry-wide U.S. sales of about 11 million vehicles annually.
But cost-cutting progress by GM has reduced that threshold even further, a positive point the automaker will tout to investors, one source said.
GM plans to file a final IPO prospectus on November 1 or November 2, just before it begins courting investors in its roadshow, two sources said. That prospectus will include the number of shares to be sold, the pricing range and the selling shareholders among other details.
No dollar amount has been set for the IPO and that will not be determined until GM files the final prospectus in early November, the sources said.
The GM IPO has long been seen as raising between $10 billion and $20 billion, making it one of the largest U.S. stock offerings ever. But with the slow pace of recovery in auto sales and the U.S. economy, the size of the IPO could come at the low end of the expectations, several sources have said.
In one indication of the headwinds the GM deal could face, auto parts supplier Tower International Inc (NYSE:TOWR) priced shares in its IPO 19% below the midpoint of the expected range on Thursday.