Aug 31 (Reuters) - Following is a country-by-country summary
of austerity measures planned by governments in the euro zone:
-- EU/IMF bailout beneficiary Greece plans to narrow its
budget gap from 13.6 percent of GDP in 2009 to 8.1 percent this
year, 7.6 percent in 2011 and 2.6 percent in 2014.
Austerity measures include:
-- Public sector pay freeze until 2014.
-- Christmas, Easter and summer holiday bonuses abolished
for civil servants earning above 3,000 euros a month.
-- Public sector allowances cut by an additional 8 percent.
These allowances had already been cut by 12 percent.
-- Freeze pensions in 2010, 2011 and 2012.
-- The retirement age for women will be lifted by 5 years to
65 to match men and the number of contribution years will rise
from 35-37 to 40.
-- The main VAT rate was increased by 4 percentage points to
23 percent. Excise taxes on fuel, cigarettes and alcohol were
increased by 20 percent in total.
-- Spain's parliament has ratified labour reforms aimed at
reviving the euro zone's No.4 economy. The process of debating
and amending a bill on the reforms could take a year.
-- The government in May announced fresh spending cuts
totalling 15 billion euros in 2010 and 2011. Spain's deficit
targets are 9.3 percent of GDP in 2010 and 6 percent in 2011,
compared to 11.2 percent in 2009.
Here are details of cuts and measures:
-- Civil service salaries will be cut by 5 percent in 2010
and frozen in 2011. More than 6 billion euros to be cut from
-- Suspension of yearly pension increases in 2011
-- Elimination of 2,500 euros birth payment from 2011.
-- 70 road projects put on hold for 2011.
-- VAT increased to 18 percent from 16 percent from July 1.
-- Portugal's parliament approved the government's austerity
package in June to speed up a reduction in the budget deficit to
7.3 percent of GDP in 2010 and 4.6 percent in 2011, from 9.4
percent in 2009. Portugal aims to save 2 billion euros in 2010.
-- Portugal ruled out drawing on euro zone aid, citing a
successful bond sale and economic recovery in the first quarter.
-- Prime Minister Jose Socrates and opposition leader Pedro
Passos Coelho drew up steps in June to slash the budget deficit.
-- 5 percent pay cuts for senior public sector staff and
-- Increases in VAT sales tax, income tax and profits tax up
to 2.5 percent.
-- The minority Socialist government also plans to slash
health and education tax benefits next year, but Passos Coelho
said his party will not support the measures in 2011 budget as
it wants deeper spending cuts instead.
-- President Nicolas Sarkozy's government is already seeking
40 billion euros in savings to reduce the budget gap to 6
percent of GDP in 2011 from an estimated 8 percent in 2010 under
a pledge to comply with an EU ceiling of 3 percent by 2013.
-- 15 billion will come from winding down its anti-recession
stimulus and the end of a one-off business tax reform, plus 14
billion from spending cuts and 11 billion more from taxes due to
stronger growth and a widening of the tax net.
Here are details of cuts and measures:
-- Plans to raise the retirement age to 62 from 60 by 2018,
make people work longer for a full pension and raise public
sector contributions to private sector levels.
-- Top rate of income tax will be raised to 41 percent from
40 percent to help fund the pension regime.
-- Taxes on capital gains and investment income will also
rise by a point.
-- All spending except pensions and interest payments on
government debt frozen between 2011-2013 and state operating
costs cut by 10 percent over that period.
-- Non-replacement of one civil servant out of every two who
retire is projected to result in elimination of 100,000 posts in
2011-2013, generating several billion euros of savings.
-- Around 1,700 public buildings will be sold off. Office
space will be cut by more than 500,000 m2 in three years.
-- State intervention spending such as subsidies and social
support will be cut by 10 percent.
-- France will make savings on its defence budget of 3.5
billion euros in 2011-2013, a source close to the issue said.
-- Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's government won a
confidence vote in July on a 25 billion euro austerity package.
-- Italy aims to cut its budget deficit to 2.7 percent of
GDP by 2012 from 5.3 percent in 2009.
Here are some of the measures:
-- Delaying retirement dates by three to six months, a state
salary freeze and pay cuts for high public sector earners.
-- Regional and local governments will be pressed to
contribute some 13 billion euros of spending cuts in 2011-2012.
-- There will be a 10 percent cut per year in 2011 and 2012
in spending by all government ministries. Provincial governments
with less than 220,000 inhabitants will be abolished.
-- Abolition of publicly funded think tanks.
-- Chancellor Angela Merkel said her government aims to save
around 80 billion euros between 2011 and 2014 and get the German
budget deficit below European Union limits by 2013.
-- The 2011 budget, going before parliament by the end of
November, will cut spending by 3.8 percent from 2010 and reduce
the deficit to 60 billion euros.
-- The cabinet agreed a package in June which will cut
welfare spending by 30 billion euros over the period, reduce
public sector payrolls by up to 15,000 by 2014 and raise new
taxes on nuclear power plant operators and air travel.
-- The government also hopes to realise some 5.5 billion
euros through subsidy cuts and raise 2 billion per year from a
financial transactions tax.
-- Defence ministry experts have drawn up a list of
potential savings in weapons and equipment worth more than 9.3
-- Ireland has carried out some of the harshest austerity
measures in the euro zone. Its public sector unions passed a pay
deal in June, ending low-key protests but limiting Dublin's
options in making 3 billion euros of savings apiece in the next
two budgets. The budget for 2010 presented in December projected
a deficit of 11.6 percent of gross domestic product, a figure
that could rise to as much as 25 percent due to the rising
burden of bailing out its banks.
-- Cutting public service salaries by 5-15 percent in a 2010
budget that inflicted 4 billion euros of cuts. The government
has promised no further public sector pay cuts until 2014
-- Three austerity budgets presented in Oct. 2008, April
2009 and Dec. 2010, with the first two focused on tax rises.
(Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit;
Editing by John Stonestreet)