Aug 5 (Reuters) - Rwanda heads to the polls on Aug. 9 for
the second time since the 1994 genocide. Here is a timeline of
events in Rwanda since then.
April 6, 1994 - Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and
Burundi President Cyprien Ntaryamira killed in a rocket attack
on their plane. Habyarimana's death triggers 100-day orgy of
violence, perpetrated mainly by Hutus against Tutsis and
moderate Hutus. About 800,000 people are killed. The Rwanda
Patriotic Front (RPF) starts new offensive.
April 7, 1994 - Presidential guards kill moderate Hutu Prime
Minister Agathe Uwilingiwimana, who had tried to calm tensions.
July 1994 - RPF seizes control of Rwanda after driving
40,000-strong Hutu army and 2 million civilian Hutus into exile
in Burundi, Tanzania and Zaire (later Democratic Republic of
August 1996 - Rwandan troops, disguised as Zairean rebels,
launch invasion of Zaire. Thousands of civilians are killed
while hundreds of thousands of Hutu refugees return to Rwanda.
Dec 27, 1996 - Rwanda's first genocide trial opens under the
the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
June 1997 - Rwandan strongman Paul Kagame admits his troops
invaded Zaire and helped install Laurent Kabila as new president
August 1998 - Rebels backed by Rwanda and Uganda take up
arms against Congolese President Laurent Kabila.
March 23, 2000 - Hutu President Pasteur Bizimungu resigns
after falling out with his Tutsi-dominated ruling party.
April 17, 2000 - Vice-President Kagame is elected president
by members of parliament and ministers.
July 30, 2002 - The presidents of Rwanda and the DRC sign a
peace pact aimed at ending years of atrocities.
Aug 25, 2003 - Rwanda holds its first elections since the
1994 massacres. Kagame wins. The opposition rejects the result.
Nov 20, 2004 - Leaders from 11 Great Lakes countries,
including Rwanda, Burundi and the DRC, sign the Dar es Salaam
Declaration, pledging to end the genocide and hunger that have
killed 3 million over the previous 10 years.
Jan 14, 2005 - Rwanda says 1 million of its citizens -- an
eighth of the population -- are expected to face charges in
traditional or "gacaca" village courts. The hearings begin three
Nov. 24, 2006 - Rwanda breaks off diplomatic ties with
France in protest at a French judge's call for Kagame to stand
trial over the killing of Habyarimana.
Jan. 23, 2009 - Rwanda arrests Tutsi Congolese warlord
Laurent Nkunda. The UN had accused elements of Kagame's regime
of backing his 5-year rebellion. His detention is seen as part
of a peace deal between the arch foes.
Nov. 29, 2009 - The Commonwealth admits French-speaking
Rwanda as its 54th member.
-- On the same day, France and Rwanda agree to restore
Feb. 25, 2010 - President Nicolas Sarkozy says France made
serious errors of judgment over the 1994 genocide.
June 19, 2010 - Ex-army chief of staff Faustin Kayumba
Nyamwasa is shot and wounded in South Africa, where he fled
after falling out with Kagame.
June 25, 2010 - Critical journalist Jean Leonard Rugambage
is shot dead after publishing a story linking Rwanda security
services to dissident general Nyamwasa's shooting. The
government firmly denies responsibility.
July 13, 2010 - Police say they have arrested Saidati
Mukakibibi, an unregistered journalist who works for independent
newspaper Umurabyo, for comparing Kagame with Hitler.
July 14, 2010 - The Democratic Green Party's vice president,
Andre Kagwa Rwisereka, reported missing since July 13, is found
dead. His truck was found close to the southern city of Butare.
July 16, 2010 - Victoire Ingabire, head of the unregistered
United Democratic Forces party, facing charges of spreading
ethnic hatred and funding Rwandan rebels in DR Congo, calls for
a boycott of the August elections as she and some would-be
candidates have been barred from standing.
July 20, 2010 - Kagame says it is not his responsibility to
create a strong opposition, as he launches his re-election
campaign at a rally in the national stadium.
Aug. 9, 2010 - Presidential elections.