U.K. Pushes Citizens' Rights to Advance Brexit Talks -- 2nd Update

By Jenny Gross, Valentina Pop and Laurence Norman Features Dow Jones Newswires

British Prime Minister Theresa May will Thursday make a pitch to European Union leaders on guarantees for EU citizens living in the U.K., hoping to revive stalled Brexit talks by shifting the focus away from a deadlock over money.

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But European officials say her words won't be enough to break the impasse. Negotiations are running in circles: Officials from the other 27 European countries want more specifics on how much the U.K. is willing to pay as part of its divorce settlement before talks can progress to Britain's future trade relationship with the EU but London doesn't want to yield on money until it has guarantees on Britain's future trading relationship.

Slow progress at what was supposed to be a key moment shows how Mrs. May's political weakness is hampering talks, sowing uncertainty for businesses in the U.K. With less than a year-and-a-half until the U.K. is expected to leave the bloc, any failure to reach a deal is likely to cause enormous disruptions for businesses that rely on unrestricted trade between the U.K. and the EU. Such a scenario could pose big risks to the U.K. and European economies.

Several months into talks, negotiations have been limited to terms of Britain's departure from the EU: How much money it owes the bloc, the treatment of three million EU citizens living in the U.K and the one million Britons living in the EU, and how Brexit will affect the border between Northern Ireland, which is part of the U.K., and Ireland. Mrs. May had hoped to move beyond divorce issues to start negotiating the future trade relationship this month.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Thursday there had been encouraging progress on Brexit talks, but not enough to move talks forward this month. She said she was confident, however, that talks would progress to the next phase by December.

With her offer on rights for EU citizens, Mrs. May is seeking to inject new energy into the process during a two-day summit of EU leaders, enabling talks to move to trade and Britain's two-year transitional arrangement out of the bloc. In a letter to EU nationals living in the U.K., Mrs. May wrote that she wants to make it as easy as possible for them to stay and that Brussels and London are within "touching distance" of reaching an agreement on the issue.

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Mrs. May, arriving at the summit, said the leaders would discuss the progress made in Brexit negotiations and set plans for the weeks ahead. "I particularly, for example, want to see an urgency in reaching an agreement on citizens' rights," she said.

But EU diplomats said a number of issues remained outstanding, including what role the European Court of Justice would play in protecting the rights of EU citizens living in the U.K.

Outgoing Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern said negotiations needed to pick up the pace. "There are so many open issues. We have to come to solutions now," he said.

Beyond the issue of EU citizens, the U.K. and the EU are furthest apart on the issue of money, a senior EU diplomat said. "Is it a question of Europe accelerating the talks? No, the ball is still in the British court," the official said.

British officials said Mrs. May won't budge on the issue of money at the summit. After poor election results in June, in which Mrs. May's Conservatives lost their majority in Parliament, Mrs. May has faced additional pressure from euroskeptics within her cabinet and party who want her to take a more hard-line approach.

"We understand the domestic difficulties, but that's not our problem," an EU official said. The official said the EU needed more specifics on how much the U.K. was willing to pay each year as part of its settlement.

The next opportunity for talks to advance is an EU summit planned for December. An EU diplomat said ahead of this week's summit that even December may be too early for talks to move on to the next stage. "It's 50-50 in my view," the official said.

For talks to advance by year-end, Mrs. May must put recent commitments into official negotiating positions, said European Council President Donald Tusk, who represents EU leaders. He said he didn't expect a breakthrough at the summit.

Emre Peker contributed to this article.

Write to Jenny Gross at jenny.gross@wsj.com, Valentina Pop at valentina.pop@wsj.com and Laurence Norman at laurence.norman@wsj.com

(END) Dow Jones Newswires

October 19, 2017 09:38 ET (13:38 GMT)