It goes without saying that squirreling away for retirement is a big deal goal—one that’s often made a little easier when you have someone socking away alongside you.
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So how do you swing such ambitious saving if you’re single?
While it’s true that you don’t have to worry about making your retirement dreams jive with another person’s vision, and you’re only tasked with replacing one income, there are also downsides—like missing out on tax breaks offered to married couples, and not having the luxury of a secondary safety net.
Yet setting yourself up for a bright financial future as a solo saver can be done.
Dubious? Meet Cari, Robert and Jonelle, three singles who are proactively saving for their golden years—by themselves.
After getting up to speed on their stories and single-saving strategies, we asked Colin Drake, a CFP® and principal at Drake Wealth Management in San Francisco, to weigh in on how they can keep up the good work—and make even bigger strides toward a successful and secure retirement.
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The Debt-Free Divorcée
Cari Shane, 49, a PR business owner in Washington, D.C.
Her Nest Egg Goal “I don’t have a target savings number in mind—but it’s very important to me to be able to live comfortably in retirement.
I’m one of those people who saves money in order to ‘do’—not just to buy things. I want to be able to afford rich experiences and enjoy life.”
How She’s Getting There “Getting divorced several years ago changed everything for me. When I was married, I was a stay-at-home mother to three children, and I did some freelance writing on the side. I wasn’t saving anything for retirement because I didn’t expect to have to provide for myself.
But as a single person, I knew I had to make some big moves in order to craft a new, financially secure future for myself.
I left my marriage completely debt-free—and wanted to make sure I kept it that way. So when I sold my family home outside D.C., I purchased a more affordable row house in the city. Since it’s in an up-and-coming neighborhood, I was able to buy it outright and refurbish it with some of the profits from my old house.
Around the same time, I let my car lease expire, and started walking and taking public transportation to get around town, which saves money.
I also launched my own marketing and public relations company in 2011 to have more control over my income. While it varies from month to month, I’m generally raking in a salary in the low six figures.
Thanks to these changes, I’m saving $3,000 a month. Right now it’s all sitting in cash, but I plan to transfer much of it into a retirement fund soon. I’m working with a financial planner, who’s helping me create a game plan for the future.
I’m proud of my financial progress, and feel really motivated to keep going. So far, I’ve saved $100,000 in just four years.
And I’m not done yet! I’m also thinking about renting out my basement apartment for $300 a night through Airbnb to bring in even more income.”
What the CFP Says “Cari’s done a lot with her life just a few years post-divorce. I’m impressed that she’s debt-free, and has saved $100,000.
My first piece of advice is to figure out how to allocate her savings. She should aim to keep six months’ worth of take-home pay in her emergency fund—plus enough cash to cover any planned expenses for the next three to five years in a separate savings account. The rest should go toward retirement.
But she can’t just dump all her cash into a retirement account at once, since there are yearly contribution limits. So if she needs somewhere to park some money in the meantime, she can consider opening a brokerage account.
As for the type of retirement account, I’d tell Cari to utilize a solo 401(k) because she’ll be able to save more in it than she would in a SEP IRA, which allows you to invest about 18.6% of your business’s net profit each year.
If we imagine Cari’s business earning a net profit of $100,000, she could make a SEP IRA contribution of $18,587. But if Cari has a solo 401(k), she can make an ‘employer contribution’ of the same amount for herself—plus $18,000, which is the maximum employee contribution in 2015.
That’s almost $37,000 in retirement savings this year—an amount that can help her reach her dreams much faster.
Speaking of which, I love the idea of renting out her basement apartment. If she could save an extra $1,000 a month doing this, it’s not impossible for that to translate into an extra $500,000 in her retirement account by age 65.”
The Well-Diversified Investor
Robert McDonald, 43, a partner at an assurance, tax and consulting firm in Boston
His Nest Egg Goal “I would like to retire around 60. That seems like a great age to stop working, and try something different with my life—charity work, golf, skiing, and generally enjoying my friends and family.
I haven’t calculated exactly how much I’ll need in order to make this a reality—but that hasn’t stopped me from preparing. I’ve consistently been socking away money in various accounts for nearly two decades.”
How He’s Getting There “Although I wish I’d started taking advantage of thecompounding interest factor earlier, I’ve been consistently saving in an employer-sponsored 401(k) plan since I was in my mid-20s.
For the last 10 or 15 years, I’ve been maxing it out. As a result, I have about $300,000 stashed away in my 401(k).
On top of that, I have a pension-like retirement plan at work, which is special to partners and pays out over a 10-year period.
And I do a little investing on the side—mostly through mutual funds—to make sure my assets are diversified. I’ve earmarked all that money for retirement as well, and it makes up about 10% of my nest egg right now.
Because I make a healthy salary in the mid-six figures, I’m not worried about having enough to fund my golden years. Plus, I’m renting my home now, so I don’t have any mortgage debt.
I also take good care of myself, and have disability insurance to protect me if I’m unable to work for a period of time.”
What the CFP Says “Robert’s cranking. He clearly knows how important it is to diversify investments and start saving as early as possible. Time is truly your greatest ally in preparing for retirement—regardless of your income bracket.
I’m also happy to see that he understands the value of insurance—becoming disabled is a surprisingly high risk we all face, and it can easily derail your retirement savings. So having adequate coverage—either through your work benefits or an individual policy—is key to staying on track.
I do have one word of caution for Robert: High earning typically means highspending—so he’s likely going to need a sizable nest egg in order to maintain his lifestyle throughout retirement.
If he keeps his current 401(k) savings pace, he could reasonably accumulate just under $2 million by the time he wants to retire. But he should keep in mind that, by 60, that money will ‘feel’ like a lot less than it does today because of inflation.
So to make sure he’s saving enough, I suggest working with a financial planner, who can factor in his 401(k), pension, and side investments to ensure he’s making the very best decisions possible now.
But given how proactive Robert has been thus far, I have no doubt he’ll ultimately enjoy the relaxing retirement he’s counting on.”
The Pragmatic Planner
Jonelle Niffenegger, 45, a training and communications manager in Chicago, Ill.
Her Nest Egg Goal “My plan is to retire by 65—and I am more than a third of the way to that mark, leaving me 20 more years to save enough to maintain my current standard of living.
Plus, it means I’ll still be young enough to do all the things I want to do, like escape to a rental in Florida for a few months each winter.”
How She’s Getting There “Saving for retirement has always been a priority for me because I want to be self-sufficient and prepared for the unexpected. I have no children, nieces or nephews, and I’m the youngest of my siblings. So there’s a chance that, as I get older, I won’t have a ‘next generation’ to look out for me—and I want to ready myself for that possibility.
For years, I worked toward this goal by consistently putting away 6% of my salary in a 401(k)—and banking another 6% from my employer match. I was chugging along.
Then about 10 years ago, I started dating a guy who said he was putting away 15%in his 401(k), which I found so inspiring. I thought, ‘Why can’t I do that?’
So when I scored a new gig not long after, I didn’t spend my 15% salary bump—I used it to double my 401(k) contributions. It’s important to me that I keep up this momentum.
While I don’t scrimp on taking trips or doing activities that I like in the name of more retirement savings, I’m a naturally frugal person when it comes to day-to-day living.
For instance, I haven’t upgraded my one-bedroom condo or replaced any furniture for the last five years. As a result, I’ve been able to bank a year’s worth of living expenses in an emergency fund—and build up a pretty hefty 401(k) balance.
Because I’m doing so well, I’ve been thinking of finally selling my 800-square-foot condo and trading up—I want something bigger, with amenities like a garage, central air, and an outdoor patio. I’d like to buy something I can see myself living in for a while—through at least the first several years of retirement.
But to make sure I can afford it, I sat down with a representative from my 401(k) provider to run my numbers—what I have saved now versus what I’m likely to need each month in retirement—and was happy to hear that the advisor thinks I’m on track to reach my goal.”
What the CFP Says “Many people make the mistake of increasing spending after receiving a raise, so I’m glad Jonelle prioritized retirement savings instead. She’ll reap the benefits of that decision down the road.
Since Jonelle’s emergency savings is totally funded, she might want to consider building a taxable investment portfolio outside of her 401(k).
It’s a common belief that if you’re maxing out a retirement account, you’re doing all you can to save for the future—but diverting some cash into a brokerage account can help you accumulate an even bigger nest egg.
If Jonelle needs help choosing her investments, she can seek advice from aCertified Financial Planner™, or research automated portfolio management services online.
As for whether she should buy that bigger condo, she’ll need to do her homework to determine if the extra expenses she’ll incur will jeopardize her retirement progress.
If it doesn’t, and she can save 20% for the down payment, I say go for it—especially if she can pay off a good chunk of the mortgage before retirement. There are plenty of benefits to making a move you’ve been dreaming of, including a better standard of living now and more happiness. Those things matter, too.”
LearnVest Planning Services is a registered investment adviser and subsidiary of LearnVest, Inc., that provides financial plans for its clients. Information shown is for illustrative purposes only and is not intended as investment, legal or tax planning advice. Please consult a financial adviser, attorney or tax specialist for advice specific to your financial situation. Unless specifically identified as such, the individuals interviewed or quoted in this piece are neither clients, employees nor affiliates of LearnVest Planning Services, and the views expressed are their own. LearnVest Planning Services and any third parties listed, linked to or otherwise appearing in this message are separate and unaffiliated and are not responsible for each other’s products, services or policies.